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Is there a link between glaucoma and oral health?

Glaucoma Oral HealthYou might not be thinking about your eyes while brushing your teeth each day, but researchers are keeping their eyes on a possible connection between poor oral health and glaucoma.

What is glaucoma?

Called the “silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is a group of diseases of the optic nerve that slowly cause a loss of vision and can lead to blindness.

With more than a million nerve fibers, the optic nerve connects the retina to the brain. Pressure on these nerves can increase the risk of optic nerve damage. One known threat to the optic nerve is high blood pressure, but scientists believe there are other threats as well.

What’s the connection between glaucoma and my oral health?

Although the research is in its early stages, an EyeNet article from the American Academy of Ophthalmology hypothesizes that oral infections, especially those connected with dental disease, might trigger a series of events where the bacteria from an inflamed tooth or gums spreads to the optic nerve.

Because an infection in the ear, nose or throat area can cause pressure in the optic nerve, it’s important to ensure that any infection, especially in the ear, nose and throat area, be treated as quickly as possible to avoid spreading to other areas of the body.

What if I already have glaucoma?

If you have already been diagnosed with glaucoma, then you should maintain your treatment plan as prescribed by your doctor. But there are other steps to follow as well:

  • Maintain your regular dental cleanings to keep your mouth healthy and lower your chance of infection.
  • If you already have gum disease, make sure you get and maintain treatment to keep it from getting worse.

If you are scheduled for a dental procedure that requires sedation, be sure to tell your dentist that you have glaucoma. You should avoid sedatives that contain ingredients that can increase pressure in the optic nerve. Be sure your dentist is also aware of any medications you are taking before you schedule any dental treatment.

Related reading

Published: December 2018

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